Lendal Tower (left)
which has been standing since about 1300
If I have labeled anything incorrectly, please have mercy because I'm only an American tourist, after all - and feel free to kindly correct me.
1861AD - 1863AD
"Lendal Bridge was the second of the three modern road bridges built over the River Ouse at York (the first being Ouse Bridge which has existed since as early as the ninth century).
"The bridge replaced an earlier ferry service, which had operated from Barker Tower, on the south-west bank, to Lendal Tower. The advent of the railways in York in the first half of the nineteenth century made the ferry service busier than ever with passengers wanting to cross the river going to and from York’s original railway station in Tanner Row.
"This river-side tower was built in the 14th century.
It was positioned at the boundary of the medieval
city-centre and, in conjunction with Lendal Tower
river traffic entering the city.
A great iron chain was stretched across the river
between the two towers
and boatmen had to pay a toll to cross it.
The chain also served as a defence for the city."
Barker Tower, now 'The Perky Peacock'
"Then disaster struck. In 1861 the original bridge collapsed during construction, killing five men. The bridge was redesigned and finally opened in 1863. The new architect, brought in after the failed first attempt, was Thomas Page, who also designed Skeldergate Bridge in York and Westminster Bridge in London.
York's Coat of Arms
Initials V&A (for Victoria & Albert)
View from the Bridge
"The new bridge put the ferryman out of business. Records show that he received compensation of 15 pounds and a horse and cart.
Now 'Circles Cafe'
"A toll was charged to cross the new bridge to help pay for its construction. The charge was half a penny for foot passengers, a penny for animals and twopence for horse-drawn vehicles. The two small toll-houses can still be seen today, now housing cafés. The last toll was charged in 1894."
The charge at the toll house is considerably more these days.
Also, I was curious about the name origin. From the ever-reliable Wikipedia is the following information, for what it's worth:
"The origin of the name is uncertain. The name was first recorded in about 780 as Usa. It has been speculated that the name is of Celtic origin, from an assumed word udso-, assumed to be derived from the Indo-European root wed-, meaning "water". Other sources prefer a pre-Celtic or pre-Indo European origin."
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